back to menu b88. Atlas 210X (By LA8AK)
Correcting Atlas 210-X S-meter calibration.
Many S-meters are useless, here is shown modified S-meter from Atlas 210-X.
It was 1dB pr S-unit from S1-S7, in fact only one actual S-unit! D1 is used to define the
threshold, and the combination of a diode a resistor (D2/R3) reduce deflection when the
meter just deflects.
In the actual case it was possible to achieve a reading of 4-5dB per s-unit.
D1= 1N34A, D2=1N4148, transistor could be a discrete device like BC547 or 2N2222,
but for Atlas 210X it is part of an integrated circuit.
Reference: Present-day receivers - some cures and cures, Ham Radio dec.1977 pp10-18
(W0JGP, K8RRH) page 17: The Atlas 210X without its noise blanker operational, has a better than average
dynamic range of about 90dB, which would be even better if its double-balanced mixer were properly terminated
above the IF frequency (*). This could be accomplished with the use of a diplexer, as descrided by Wes Hayward
or with a power jfet, as related by U L Rohde. There is one limitation in the 210X that cannot be easily remedied,
however; its potential strong-signal handling capabilities cannot be fully realized due to its noisy conversion
oscillator. Since this oscillator has noise sidebands that are only 65dB down 10kHz on each side of its
center frequency, all signals passing through the mixer will take similar noise sidebands. Consider a
strong station near a desired signal that is weaker in amplitude. Reciprocal mixing of oscillator and
noise can cause noise sidebands to be transferred to the strong nearby station and cause interference
to the desired signal. Thus even if the i-f filter's ultimate rejection is actually realized in the receiver circuitry,
which is doubtful in practice, this high level of rejection can be negated by wide-band oscillator noise.
So while it takes two strong signals to cause IMD which can interfere with weak signal reception, a noisy
oscillator and a strong signal can cause the same unfortunate results.
The noise blanker in AStlas 210X also degrades its dynamic range, diminishing the advantage
of the double-balanced passive mixer. The 210X transceivers we tested had a dynamic range
of between 73 and 81dB, depending on the boand selected. When the blanker was turned on,
these numbers dropped by 3dB
Note*) Ulrich Rohde DJ2LR, "High dynamic range receiver input stages" ham radio, october 1975, page 26.